DPDK源码解读-------ring结构体

RTE RING结构体内存挂接

挂接在全局rte_ring_tailq尾队列链表上

ring_list = RTE_TAILQ_CAST(rte_ring_tailq.head, rte_ring_list);

下面是相关的结构体声明及定义

/*尾队列表头TAILQ_HEAD 宏定义*/
#define TAILQ_HEAD(name, type)    \ 
struct name {   \
    struct type *tqh_first; /* first element */   \
    struct type **tqh_last; /* addr of last next element */   \
} 
/*声明 rte_tailq_entry_head 结构体*/
TAILQ_HEAD(rte_tailq_entry_head, rte_tailq_entry);
/*声明 rte_ring_list 结构体*/
TAILQ_HEAD(rte_ring_list, rte_tailq_entry);
/*可以看出来上面两个结构体是同一类型*/

/*尾队列表头TAILQ_ENTRY 宏定义*/
#define TAILQ_ENTRY(type)                                               \
__MISMATCH_TAGS_PUSH                                                    \
struct {                                                                \
	struct type *tqe_next;  /* next element */                      \
	struct type **tqe_prev; /* address of previous next element */  \
	TRACEBUF                                                        \
} 
struct rte_tailq_entry {
    TAILQ_ENTRY(rte_tailq_entry) next; /**< Pointer entries for a tailq list */
    void *data; /**< Pointer to the data referenced by this tailq entry */
};

/*定义全局rte_ring_tailq尾队列*/
static struct rte_tailq_elem rte_ring_tailq = {
	.name = RTE_TAILQ_RING_NAME,
};
struct rte_tailq_entry *te = rte_zmalloc("RING_TAILQ_ENTRY", sizeof(*te), 0);

下面是内存分布及挂接方式:
在这里插入图片描述

/*上图标红的是尾队列插入时的顺序*/
TAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(ring_list, te, next);
#define TAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(head, elm, field) do {                        \
	TAILQ_NEXT((elm), field) = NULL; 1                               \
	(elm)->field.tqe_prev = (head)->tqh_last;  2                     \
	*(head)->tqh_last = (elm);  3                                    \
	(head)->tqh_last = &TAILQ_NEXT((elm), field); 4                \
	QMD_TRACE_HEAD(head);                                           \
	QMD_TRACE_ELEM(&(elm)->field);                                  \
} while (0)

##RTE_ring结构体字段描述:
在这里插入图片描述

ret_ring 创建

rte ring的创建是通过rte_ring_create()函数来实现的,具体代码分析如下:
函数参数分析:
1、socket_id这里的socket不是unix网络编程中的socket,而是指的numa节点,numa架构下,如果processer访问的内存和自己不在一个numa node上会产生非常严重的性能损耗。
2、flags决定了这个队列的性质,也就是是“什么性质的安全”,例如如果指定RING_F_SP_ENQ那么就会创建一个单生产者安全的队列(实际上完全是扯淡,创建时的flags实际上影响的并不是队列本身的性质而是调用队列的函数__rte_ring_do_enqueue参数)

/* create the ring */
struct rte_ring *
rte_ring_create(const char *name, unsigned count, int socket_id,
		unsigned flags)
{
	char mz_name[RTE_MEMZONE_NAMESIZE];
	struct rte_ring *r;
	struct rte_tailq_entry *te;
	const struct rte_memzone *mz;
	ssize_t ring_size;
	int mz_flags = 0;
	struct rte_ring_list* ring_list = NULL;
	const unsigned int requested_count = count;
	int ret;
    /*首先找到ring_list,rte_ring_tailq是维护所有rte ring队列的,不区分socket*/
	ring_list = RTE_TAILQ_CAST(rte_ring_tailq.head, rte_ring_list);

	/* for an exact size ring, round up from count to a power of two */
	if (flags & RING_F_EXACT_SZ)
		count = rte_align32pow2(count + 1);
    /*获取ring的大小空间*/
	ring_size = rte_ring_get_memsize(count);
	if (ring_size < 0) {
		rte_errno = ring_size;
		return NULL;
	}

	ret = snprintf(mz_name, sizeof(mz_name), "%s%s",
		RTE_RING_MZ_PREFIX, name);
	if (ret < 0 || ret >= (int)sizeof(mz_name)) {
		rte_errno = ENAMETOOLONG;
		return NULL;
	}

    /*分配一个struct rte_tailq_entry *te;结构,在创建完成ring后,挂接这个队列元素到队列中去*/
	te = rte_zmalloc("RING_TAILQ_ENTRY", sizeof(*te), 0);
	if (te == NULL) {
		RTE_LOG(ERR, RING, "Cannot reserve memory for tailq\n");
		rte_errno = ENOMEM;
		return NULL;
	}

	rte_rwlock_write_lock(RTE_EAL_TAILQ_RWLOCK);

	/* reserve a memory zone for this ring. If we can't get rte_config or
	 * we are secondary process, the memzone_reserve function will set
	 * rte_errno for us appropriately - hence no check in this this function 
	 * 为新创建的ring分配内存空间咯,使用了rte_memzone_reserve_aligned()函数分配*/
	mz = rte_memzone_reserve_aligned(mz_name, ring_size, socket_id,
					 mz_flags, __alignof__(*r));
	if (mz != NULL) {
		r = mz->addr;
		/* no need to check return value here, we already checked the
		 * arguments above 队列初始化 */
		rte_ring_init(r, name, requested_count, flags);

		te->data = (void *) r;
		r->memzone = mz;
        /*te挂接到全局尾队列上,便于统一管理*/
		TAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(ring_list, te, next);
	} else {
		r = NULL;
		RTE_LOG(ERR, RING, "Cannot reserve memory\n");
		rte_free(te);
	}
	rte_rwlock_write_unlock(RTE_EAL_TAILQ_RWLOCK);

	return r;
}

ring队列入队操作

static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
__rte_ring_do_enqueue(struct rte_ring *r, void * const *obj_table,
         unsigned int n, enum rte_ring_queue_behavior behavior,
         unsigned int is_sp, unsigned int *free_space)
{
    uint32_t prod_head, prod_next;
    uint32_t free_entries;
    //第一步,先偏移头指针,抢占生产位置
    n = __rte_ring_move_prod_head(r, is_sp, n, behavior,
            &prod_head, &prod_next, &free_entries);
    if (n == 0)
        goto end;
    //第二步,塞数据
    ENQUEUE_PTRS(r, &r[1], prod_head, obj_table, n, void *);
    //第三部,更新尾指针,让消费者可以消费
    update_tail(&r->prod, prod_head, prod_next, is_sp, 1);
end:
    if (free_space != NULL)
        *free_space = free_entries - n;
    return n;
}

static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
__rte_ring_move_prod_head(struct rte_ring *r, unsigned int is_sp,
        unsigned int n, enum rte_ring_queue_behavior behavior,
        uint32_t *old_head, uint32_t *new_head,
        uint32_t *free_entries)
{
    const uint32_t capacity = r->capacity;
    unsigned int max = n;
    int success;

    do {
        //1.先确定生产者要生产多少个元素
        n = max;
        //2.拿到现在生产者的head位置,也就是即将生产的位置
        *old_head = r->prod.head;

        //内存屏障
        rte_smp_rmb();

        //3.计算剩余的空间
        *free_entries = (capacity + r->cons.tail - *old_head);

        //4.比较生产的元素个数和剩余空间
        if (unlikely(n > *free_entries))
            n = (behavior == RTE_RING_QUEUE_FIXED) ?
: *free_entries;

        if (n == 0)
            return 0;
        //5.计算生产后的新位置
        *new_head = *old_head + n;
        if (is_sp)
            r->prod.head = *new_head, success = 1;
        else //6.如果是多生产者的话调用cpmset函数实现生产位置抢占
            success = rte_atomic32_cmpset(&r->prod.head,
                    *old_head, *new_head);
    } while (unlikely(success == 0));
    return n;
}
static __rte_always_inline void
update_tail(struct rte_ring_headtail *ht, uint32_t old_val, uint32_t new_val,
        uint32_t single, uint32_t enqueue)
{
    //1.内存屏障
    if (enqueue)
        rte_smp_wmb();
    else
        rte_smp_rmb();
    //2.如果有其他生产者生产数据,那么需要等待其将数据生产完更新tail指针后,本生产者才能更新tail指针
    if (!single)
        while (unlikely(ht->tail != old_val))
            rte_pause();
    //3.更新tail指针,更新的位置为最新的生产位置,意味着刚刚生产的数据已经全部可以被消费者消费
    ht->tail = new_val;
}

ring队列出队操作

static __rte_always_inline unsigned int
__rte_ring_do_dequeue(struct rte_ring *r, void **obj_table,
		 unsigned int n, enum rte_ring_queue_behavior behavior,
		 unsigned int is_sc, unsigned int *available)
{
	uint32_t cons_head, cons_next;
	uint32_t entries;

	n = __rte_ring_move_cons_head(r, (int)is_sc, n, behavior,
			&cons_head, &cons_next, &entries);
	if (n == 0)
		goto end;

	DEQUEUE_PTRS(r, &r[1], cons_head, obj_table, n, void *);

	update_tail(&r->cons, cons_head, cons_next, is_sc, 0);

end:
	if (available != NULL)
		*available = entries - n;
	return n;
}

参考资料:
1、https://www.cnblogs.com/jungle1996/p/12194243.html

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